Troubleshooting Well Problems

No water? Low water pressure?

There are several issues that can cause a loss of water in your home. Below is a list of concerns to look for before you call a professional.

NO WATER:

  • Are you experiencing a complete power outage
  • Check circuit breaker for power (turn breaker off and on to reset – sometimes doesn’t show completely tripped)
  • Check for buzzing or chattering from control box relay or capacitor
  • Check pressure gauge (clock like dial at your pressure tank(what number does it read
  • Turn on faucet to check gauge for proper functioning (needle indicator should go lower)
  • Is pump starting up and immediately kick off
  • Is the pump going on-off, on-off
  • Is there clicking or chattering at pressure switch(3”x4” grey box at pressure tank usually says “square D” on it)
  • Is pump coming up to pressure, shutting off and immediately loosing pressure with no water usage (watch pressure gauge dial)

LOW WATER PRESSURE:

  • If there is low volume at one source or entire house (test by running tub faucet)
  • If you have a sediment filter, bypass it to check for blockage and/or change it
  • If you have a water softener, bypass it to check for blockage
  • Check faucet aerator screens for debris
  • Check all toilets for leaking by the flapper inside the tank (you would hear water continually running)
  • Isolate (shut off) valve on water line between tank and house to check for underground leak or water running back down well due to hole in pipe or defective check valve (watch pressure gauge)

PRESSURE TANK & MANIFOLD CONCERNS:

  • Does pump cycle each time you draw a glass of water of flush the toilet
  • Pump will short cycle (on/off/on/off) when bladder style tank bladder has ruptured
  • Pump will short cycle if air is lost in the upper portion of the holding tank – Replace air volume control to avoid further damage. This type of tank is for a bleed back system, not to be confused with a captive air tank.
  • Leaking water from base of unit or seams
  • Bad points from constant cycling or constant clicking at pressure switch – if not repaired will damage pump or other components of the water system
  • Bad pressure gauge (small dial) when indicator doesn’t move – replace to monitor systems functions
  • 129_troubleshooting_for_ground_and_winding_continuity_with_ohmmeter
    Troubleshooting for ground and winding continuity with ohmmeter
  • 133_checking_for_voltage_and_amperage_with_amp_probe
    Checking for voltage and amperage with amp probe
  • broken_wire_on_drop_pipe
    Broken wire on drop pipe
  • broken_wire_failure
    Broken wire failure
  • hole_in_brass_adapter_on_top_of_pump
    Hole in brass adapter on top of pump
  • hole_in_pipe_going_down_well_to_pump
    Hole in pipe going down well to pump
  • plugged_pressure_switch_nipple__will_not_turn_on_or_off_properly
    Plugged pressure switch nipple will not allow system to turn on or off properly
  • pressure_switch_411
    Burned pressure switch due to waterlogged tank
  • pressure_switch_412
    Burned pressure switch due to waterlogged tank
  • pressure_switch_413
    Burned pressure switch due to waterlogged tank
  • pressure_switch_414
    Burned pressure switch due to waterlogged tank
  • 195_putting_in_submersible_pump_to_remove_water_from_tank
    Pumping water out of waterlogged tank to allow for removal
  • 199_after_pumping_water_out_of_tank_notice_water_outside_the_bladder_which_has_failed
    Water removed from failed tank shows damaged bladder

 

SYSTEM FAILURE POINTS

WELL PUMP

  • No Power
  • Electrical short in wiring
  • Defective Check Valve
  • Hope in drop pipe
  • Drop in water table level

PRESSURE TANK

  • Water logged tank causing constant running of pump
  • Short cycling causing damage to pressure switch, controls and pump
  • Upgrade to larger tank (improve performance)

CONTROL BOX

  • Blown fuse
  • Defective wiring
  • Pressure Switch Failure

UNDERGROUND WATER LEAK

  • Lack of pressure
  • Wet areas in the yard
  • Defective Check Valve